The Indian Institute of Carpet Technology (IICT), Srinagar is committed to provide quality education and training along with other technical services to stakeholders to their satisfaction.
The activities of the Institute revolve around below mentioned areas:
- Human Resource Development (HRD)
- Design Creation & Development (DCD)
- Research & Development (R&D)
- Technical Services & Facilities (TSF)
1.0 Human Resource Development
1.1 Orientation Programs and Workshops/Design Integrated Projects
- Skill up-gradation Courses/Orientation Programs/ Design Workshops & Integrated Design Projects were conducted by the Institute from 2004-05 to 2011-12 wherein a large number of persons comprising of Instructors/ Carpet Training Officers of Handicrafts Department of State/Central Government, Artisans, Designers, Taleem Writers, Dyers, Washer-men etc participated.
- 1700 persons have been trained and educated under these programs.
1.2 Short Term Course on CAD
- Short Term Training course of three months duration, on the application of Carpet Design Software (CAD) for making/developing Carpet and Kani Shawl designs in the software, is being conducted on need basis.
- The objective of this Training course is to acquaint the persons, actively involved with the activity of carpet design making /Talim writing, with modern technique so that they can adopt the same for meeting the fast changing market requirements within shortest possible time.
- 180 persons have been trained under this course.
1.3 Vocational Training for the persons belonging to Backward Class Category
- With a view to provide basis training on carpet weaving to persons belonging to backward class category, 06 months Certificate Course in Carpet Weaving is being conducted by this Institute in concerned areas of Kashmir Division. The objective of the course is to create self employment opportunities for the target groups.
- The training course is being sponsored by National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation, a Govt. of India undertaking under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
- As many as 200 persons have been trained till date.
1.4 Certificate Course in Carpet Manufacturing
- The Institute is conducting a massive Skill Development/Skill up-gradation training program for the carpet industry under Integrated Skill Development Scheme of Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India with the objective to develop trained human resource for the carpet Industry of the State.
- Certificate Course in Carpet Manufacturing (CCCM), with 04 months duration, is being conducted on Silk carpet weaving in above mentioned Training Centres.
- With a view to ensure punctuality of trainees, Biometric attendance machines have been installed in all the Centres.
- 20 Advanced Carpet Training Centers (ACTC’s), installed with Modern Carpet Looms/ Sitting Benches, have been established in Anantnag, Bandipora, Baramulla Budgam, Ganderbal, Kulgam, Kupwara, Pulwama, and Srinagar Districts
- 2344 persons (Females 94% and Males 6 %) have been trained till date and 400 persons are undergoing training at present
- More than 60 %, of the total number of persons trained under this course, are reported to be working in their respective households.
- Silk carpets, whose minimum price was fixed @ Rs. 900/1000/1100 per Square feet, worth Rs. 27.0 lacs, developed by different batches/groups of trainees during their period of training, were sold through an open auction in July 2015.
1.5 Skill up-gradation and Capacity Building Course
- With special focus on the artisans of Srinagar District, a unique 02 months Skill up-gradation and Capacity Building programme has been launched for the registered carpet artisans of Srinagar District under Mega Carpet Cluster project under Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme.
- This project has been sanctioned by office of the Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India and Industries & Commerce Department, Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir.
- The objectives of the course are:
- To provide necessary knowledge/orientation to artisans regarding all aspects of carpet manufacturing which have direct impact on the quality of carpets.
- To educate and abreast artisans on other equally important subjects like Quality Control & its importance, Marketing Management, Need for Cluster Approach/Industrial Cooperatives etc.
- To sensitize carpet weavers towards the Modern Carpet Loom designed by IICT, Srinagar.
- In order to ensure full participation of Carpet artisans of Srinagar District, seven Artisan Development Centres (ADC’s) have been established in different areas of the district where the above course is being offered.
- As many as 3585 artisans (Male-45% and Females-55%) have been educated/ trained till date.
- With a view to check the employment status of 3585 outgoing trainees, a door to door survey was conducted by the Institute and an encouraging figure of 2439 (68.03%) has been reported to be presently working on Traditional/ Moderns Carpet looms, either on part time or full time basis.
2.0 Design Creation & Development
2.1 Introduction of Carpet Design Software
- The Institute has been instrumental in the introduction of a locally developed Carpet Design Software in the field of carpet designing wherein carpet designs are automatically converted into Taleem Scripts (a unique Coded Pattern) and designs thus created/developed are saved for ever.
- This innovation has eased the design work enormously as it used to take months together for a group of persons comprising of Naqash (Designer), Taleem Writer and a Taleem Copyist to make the carpet design of standard size and to transfer the design drafted on graph paper (outline only) into the coded pattern known as taleem in the local language.
- With the help of this technology, one can view the complete design on the monitor of a computer before actually making its carpet so that necessary changes, if required, can be incorporated accordingly.
2.2 Establishment of Design Studio
- A Design Studio equipped with latest digital equipments including few world famous imported Design Software’s has been established in the Institute wherein 837 carpet and 160 Kani Shawl Designs have been developed in the digital form with the application of these Softwares.
- These designs have been provided to the industry in the form of computerized taleem against nominal charges.
2.3 Setting up of Design Bank for the carpet craft
- With the view to preserve old/traditional carpet designs which are available in the form of manually written taleem papers (coded pattern), the Institute has set up a Design Bank in the digital format for the Carpet craft.
- The digitization of Taleem papers of some 325 old/traditional carpet designs has been done. These designs have been preserved in the soft form for ever and they now can be recreated as per the market requirements for further development.
- The Institute has also developed an E-commerce website wherein designs developed/digitized have been made available on the official website of the Institute so that interested persons can book/purchase selected designs through internet also.
3.0 Research & Development (R&D)
3.1 Design and Development of Modern Carpet Loom
- With a view to improve the working conditions of carpet artisans, the Institute conducted an extensive research for more than four years (2005-2008) and developed the design of Modern Carpet Loom, first of its kind in the State/Country.
- After necessary trail runs/modifications, the Govt. has accorded approval to the Introduction of 8000 such Modern Carpet Looms in the carpet industry at a total cost of Rs. 4000.0 lakhs as per the funding pattern of 80:20, being the share of Govt. of India and the State Govt. respectively.
- Almost all 8000 Modern Carpet Looms along with sitting benches, absolutely free of cost, have been distributed among the registered carpet artisans.
- Recently, it has been decided that 6000 additional Modern Carpet Looms would be provided, as per the above funding pattern, to eligible beneficiaries, at a total cost of 3000.0 lakhs.
3.2 Study on using locally available Reeled Mulberry Silk as raw material for Silk Carpets
- 20-25% of the total production of Mulberry Silk is being consumed within the State and that too for Sarees & other Silk fabrics, and the Silk yarn for carpets is being imported from other parts of the country.
- The Institute conducted a study for exploring the possibility of utilizing Reeled Mulberry Silk available in the State as raw material for hand knotted Silk carpets.
- The quality of silk carpets developed with reeled mulberry silk yarn was observed at par with the quality of Iranian Silk carpets.
- This initiative was highly appreciated by the stake holders with the hope that it will go a long way in boosting not only the carpet industry but also the silk industry of the State.
- However, the industry is reluctant to use this type of silk yarn due to its higher cost than that of spun silk yarn.
3.3 Standardization of the process of carpet washing
- The entire process of carpet washing along with the types and quantities of Chemicals and auxiliaries was minutely analyzed.
- The quality of chemicals, auxiliaries along with their consumption and method of washing was streamlined after carrying out necessary trials on large number of carpets.
- The findings of the study were shared with the stake holders & they were advised to adopt the standardized process/method of carpet for best possible results.
3.4 Suitability/ Viability of application of Natural dyes
- There is a growing demand of eco-friendly products in the international market and stakeholders are approaching the Institute for the facilities of natural dyeing.
- The Institute after conducting necessary study followed by trials on different types of raw material is now in a position to provide facility of natural dyeing on Silk/Wool/Pashmina yarn at reasonable/ affordable charges.
- The Institute has developed more than 200 different shades of woolen /Silk with vegetable dyes.
3.5 Registration of Kashmiri Silk Carpets under Geographical Indication of Goods Act.
- With a view to provide legal protection and safeguard against use of registered Geographical Indication by others, the Institute, after putting in extensive hard work for more than 05 years, has finally succeeded in registering Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet under Geographical Indication of Goods Act”, which is a big achievement for our centuries old carpet industry of the State.
- The Geographical Indication Registration Certificate in the name of “Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet” has been issued by the competent authority on 13-06-2016.
- The work on finalization of the information to be depicted on the G.I. labels is in process and necessary consultations with the stakeholders are in progress in the regard.
4.0 Technical Services & Facilities
4.1 Physical & Chemical laboratory
- Physical Testing of raw material for determining its Count, Twist, Moisture Content, and Strength etc. is being conducted to check the quality of raw material.
- Chemical Tests to check the quality of dyeing on the given raw material like color fastness to Rubbing and Washing are being conducted.
- Testing of Raw material/ Moisture/Count /Twist is being done on need basis. Tests for dyed yarn like color fastness to rubbing and washing are also being conducted to check the quality of dyed raw material.
- Sample dyeing facility of raw material, with lot size of 5-7 Kgs, is being provided with the help of Arm Spray Hank Dyeing Machine so that dyeing is carried out under controlled conditions for better results.
4.2 Design Workstations
- The facility of Design Workstations installed with Carpet Design Software is available for trained carpet designers on nominal monthly rentals.
- The concerned persons can use this facility for developing Carpets/ Kani Shawl Designs without making any investment.
4.3 Design Library
- Design Library enriched with Books/ Magazines/ Journals of international fame and other related publications including documentation reports of various studies and training courses conducted by the Institute is available for reference and use.
4.4 Hostel Facility
- Hostel Facility is available for deserving candidates within the premises of the Institute.